What is Karihome

1. An alternative infant feeding option closer to breast milk

Breast milk is the best milk for infants. Where breast-feeding is not possible, the best alternative
is an infant formula that has been adjusted to meet the nutritional needs of the infant (refer to the
“important notice” at the end of this brochure for further information relating to breast-feeding
and the use of infant formulas).

Goat milk infant formulas are now well established in many countries. They have a successful
history of use in countries such as New Zealand, Australia, Taiwan and Korea where they have
been available for over 10 years in some cases.

Karihome goat milk infant formula offers parents a safe and nutritionally complete alternative.
The key ingredient which characterises this unique product is fresh New Zealand goat milk
produced by goats fed on lush pasture of New Zealand. The use of whole milk means that the
valuable components and synergies naturally present in goat milk are preserved in the formula.
It is formulated and manufactured to meet internationally accepted standards that prescribe
appropriate nutrient levels for infant formulas.

Goat milk and cow milk are both good sources of high quality protein, minerals and some
vitamins, but the secretion processes used in these two mammals vary, giving rise to important
compositional differences. The secretory processes used to produce goat milk are more
comparable to the secretory processes used by humans to produce breast milk. Goat milk is
consequently more similar to breast milk than cow milk in some respects, making it a logical and
valuable alternative to cow milk, the most commonly used starting material for the production of
breast milk substitutes.

A properly formulated goat milk infant formula is a safe and effective source of nutrition for
infants. This was confirmed in a randomised double blind clinical study carried out in 2001 and
2002 by the Department of Paediatrics of the University of Auckland in New Zealand [17]. In this
study, the growth of babies fed the goat milk infant formula from birth was comparable to that of
infants fed a conventional cow milk infant formula.



What is special about goat milk from New Zealand?
New Zealand's dairy goats are fed on the green and lush pastures of New Zealand. The high quality of food for the goats corresponds directly to the quality of milk that they produce. In most other countries of the world, goats are fed on processed meal and grain. New Zealand goat milk is rich in alpha-s2-casein, and not the alpha-s1-casein variant which is known to cause allergic reactions in some infants.

What is the difference between goat and cow milk?
Among all the animal's milk suitable for consumption, only cow and goat milk are nutritionally close to human and have been shown to be an excellent source of nutrition.Goat milk is closer to human because the protein profile is more similiar. Goat milk protein forms smaller and finer curd and has more than double the typical amount of medium chain triglyceride (MCT) in cow milk. Goat milk protein is much easier to digest and absorb and hence children have less incidence of having indigestion or allergy. Goat milk has also been shown to contain high concentration of Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) that is very low in cow milk. EGF is a natural ingredient in human milk. It promotes gut and cell development and recovery.  An enzyme known as Platelet Activating Factor Acetyl Hydrolase, which can break down allergen, has also been isolated from goat milk during research.

What are the benefits of goat milk?
Goat milk has natural bioactive factors such as nucleotides, taurine and polyamine which help to build up the immune system. Absorption of calcium, iron, copper and zinc is higher in goat milk than cow milk. Goat milk is also good for lung, stomach and intestine. So there are fewer incidences of cough, phlegm and indigestion. Feedback from parents that their children's asthma improve after a few months of taking Karihome goat milk.

Who can benefit from goat milk?
It may benefit:

* People who want to have overall well being from goat milk nutrition.

* People with gastric problem, hypersensitive with eczema or asthma.

* Babies or children who develop winds or cramp with cow milk or soy milk products.

* Babies or children who are not growing well with cow milk or soy milk products.

What is the difference between formula goat milk and fresh goat milk?
Formula goat milk is specially formulated to suit the nutritional needs of children of different age group. Nutrients such as omega 3, 6 & taurine are added for the development of brain, nerves and eyes. Unlike whole goat milk which is low in certain nutrients such as iron and folic acid and hence not suitable for babies and young children. The protein level in whole goat milk is also too high for babies consumption.

Should I feed my chidren unmodified goat milk?
It is not recommended that children aged under 12 months be fed unmodified goat milk. Neither should they be fed unmodified cow milk. The composition of the milk is not suitable for infants, and the excessive load of some minerals may place undue stress on the infant's digestive system and kidneys. Also, unmodified goat milk is deficiet in folic acid and some vitamins. For this reason, DGC developed goat milk infant formula and follow-on formula, which are modified to meet the nutritional need of the infants.

Is goat milk suitable for people with lactose intolerance?
Often there is confusion about lactose intolerance and it can be incorrectly diagnosed. Sometimes, people who believe they are lactose intolerant find goat milk an agreeable product. All milk from mammalian species (cows, goats, sheep, humans) contains lactose, which is the major carbohydrate in the milk of most species. However, sometimes cow milk protein intolerance (CMPI) is misdiagnosed as lactose intolerance. In cases of CMPI, goat milk can be an effective alternative, especially for infants and children.

Is Karihome sweeties a sweet? Does it contain sugar?
The sweeties is not a sweet, it is a tablet made from the Karihome goat milk formula. It contains the natural milk sugar as lactose with less than 20% added glucose (like Glucolin's powder) and No Sucrose is added. Sucrose is the usual sugar present in sweet and is particularly damaging to the teeth.

How many sweeties can a child take a day?
A child can take 3 to 10 sweeties per time, 1 to 3 times a day. One glass of 100ml reconstituted Karihome goat milk is equivalent to about 15 tablets of the sweeties.

How old can a child start taking sweeties?
One year and above, when they are able to chew and suck without choking.

Can a child take sweeties together with its multivitamin tables? Will they get overdose?
They may be taken together if necessary. Multivitamin tablet contains concentrated amount of vitamins, therefore, it is important not to exceed the recommended dose. Karihome sweeties are like bread with a full range of vitamins and minerals fortified. Therefore, it provides supplement but is not so much as to cause overdose problem.